Nootropics have been around since 1972, and it’s become a topic of conversation in the world of mental health treatments. As with other treatments, it’s important to know the basics so you can determine whether it’s a good choice for you or someone you know. Here are some kinds of nootropics available:
Reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
This is based on an enzyme that’s located in neurons’ synapses. This type of inhibitor allows a “spark plug” to keep its power for a longer period. That provides for an improved rate of “fuel brain.’
This is a popular nootropic due to its being very effective and being chemicals being tested as being safe. The mechanics that achieve this effect is very different and lasts longer. There’s also no rebound to sub-normal neural efficiency.
This category includes caffeine, nicotine, etc. Caffeine is mainly used to boost alertness. However, others boost the number of neurotransmitters within neural synapses or through direct receptor stimulation. This provides a temporary effect and causes produces a rebound at the dosing’s end that lower cognitive ability. Over time it can affect a person’s mental facilities in a permanent way.
This is one of the most common types of nootropics on the market. It’s a dietary nutrient that’s found in foods such as eggs, dairy, seafood, and meat. Studies also show that more than 90% of the population has a choline deficiency.
The body can produce choline. However, it should be included in dietary supplements to produce the best results. Choline is an important part of a certain type of neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine.
You might be wondering whether nootropics are effective in treating various mental health issues. It’s important to keep in mind that there are four different ways nootropics work.
One way is by altering how many neurotransmitters are available to the neurons (brain cells). Nootropics most commonly affect a certain kind of neurotransmitters. This class of nootropics is believed by experts to boost memory and the ability to focus during sleep deprivation because of the change in the number of neurotransmitters.
A second way that nootropics improve brain function is by boosting the oxygen supply to the brain. Ginkgo biloba is believed to work by using this particular mechanism. This herb seems to boost blood flow to a person’s brain. This results in more oxygen getting to the person’s brain. Clinical studies have provided mixed result related to the effect of Ginkgo Biloba on the brain’s function. However, it is still a popular supplement that improves cognition.
Another way that nootropics work is by building brand new neural connections within the brain. In theory, that would allow the brain to work more efficiently. Racetams are believed to create new neural connections plus their task as modulators on the neurotransmitter level.
Some studies suggest that mechanisms that don’t involve drugs can also boost the brain’s neural connections. Some examples of such processes including picking up a new language, learning a new exercise program that involves coordination and agility, and maybe even playing video games or doing a crossword puzzle.
A final way the substances affect cognitive function is by preventing neurons from being damaged. Vitamin B1 is one example of nootropic since it seems to be able to heal damaged neurons and also boost memory in people with particular types of brain damage.
Antioxidants are also sometimes included in this category. That’s because their reported ability to prevent neuro damage.
Some studies have provided positive results regarding nootropics improving cognitive function. That’s been in research studies that are controlled. Some examples include better focus, boosted memory, and more alertness without a lot of nervousness.